SCELG Seminar Series: Entry into Force of the United Nations Watercourses Convention - Why Should it Matter? (Dr. Salman M. A. Salman)
Friday, 22 May 2015 from 10:00 to 12:00 (BST)
Strathclyde Centre for Enviornmental Law and Governance
The seminar is free but places are limited.
Light snacks will be provided.
Entry into Force of the United Nations Watercourses Convention
Why Should it Matter?
Dr. Salman M. A. Salman
Fellow, International Water Resources Association
On August 17th, 2014, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses (UNWC or Convention) entered into force and effect, following receipt of the 35th instrument of ratification on May 19th 2014. Entry into force of the UN Watercourses Convention followed lengthy and complex delays that spanned over more than forty years since work on the UNWC commenced.
In December 1970 the UN General Assembly (UNGA) adopted Resolution 2669 titled “Progressive Development and Codification of the Rules of International Law Relating to International Watercourses” asking the International Law Commission (ILC) to “take up the study of the law of the non-navigational uses of international watercourses with a view to its progressive development and codification.” It took 23 years, five rapporteurs, and fifteen reports before the final draft articles of the Convention were agreed upon by the ILC in 1994. Three more years lapsed before the Sixth Committee of the UN was able to agree on the draft Convention in 1997. In May of that year the UNGA adopted the draft Convention by the votes of more than one hundred members, with only three members opposing the draft. Yet it took seventeen more years before the Convention attained the required number of ratifications to enter into force, and only with 35 states.
These successive delays, the sheer minimum number of states that have become parties to the UNWC thus far, and the fact that the UNWC is a framework Convention, have raised questions about whether entry into force of the Convention would make a difference, and should really matter. After giving a brief history of the UNWC, and its procedural and substantive provisions, the presentation will attempt to give a positive answer to this question, citing a number of reasons for this conclusion.
Dr. Salman M. A. Salman is a Fellow with the International Water Resources Association (IWRA), and the Editor-in-Chief of Brill Researc Perspectives, International Water Law Journal. Until 2009, and for close to fifteen years, he served as the World Bank Adviser on Water Law and Policy. Prior to that he worked as a Legal Adviser with the International Fund for Agricultural Development of the United Nations (IFAD) in Rome, Italy, and taught law at the University of Khartoum in Sudan.
Dr. Salman has authored/edited eleven books and more than sixty journal articles. Some of his books have been translated to and published in Arabic, Chinese, French and Russian. He was selected by the Hague Academy of International Law in 2001 as the Director of the Centre for Research and Studies summer session on "Water Resources and International Law."
Dr. Salman obtained his LLB from the Faculty of Law of the University of Khartoum in Sudan, and holds an LLM and JSD from Yale School in New Haven, Connecticut in the USA.
More information on Dr. Salman can be found in his personal web site.
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Use the hashtag #SCELGwater15 when tweeting throughout the session
Seminar supported by The Scottish Government - Scotland: The Hydro Nation