'What people study when they study Twitter'
A talk by Professor Shirley Williams, University of Reading
Thursday 28th February, 5.30pm,
Department of Information Studies, G31 Foster Court, Malet Place, UCL
The microblogging system Twitter was introduced in 2006, and since then over a thousand academic papers have appeared across a range of journals and conferences reporting on studies of Twitter and its use. Twitter’s open interface means that researchers are able to collect vast quantities of data and we are seeing studies undertaken by large teams in which billions of tweets are collected and reviewed with the help of automated tools, alongside smaller studies undertaken by individual or small groups of researchers (Williams, Terras, & Warwick, in press). For example:
- Dodds, Harris, Kloumann, Bliss, and Danforth (2011) in their paper “Temporal patterns of happiness and information in a global social network: Hedonometrics and Twitter” describe the collection of 46 billion words over 33 months, and their methodological approach which includes language assessment using Amazon’s Mechanical Turk.
Lindgren and Lundstrom (2011) in the paper “Pirate culture and hacktivist mobilization: The cultural and social protocols of #Wikileaks on Twitter” include detailed study of 1029 tweets collected from 439 Twitter accounts over a two month period, using the #Wikileaks hashtag, they include in their methodological approach the use of relational text analysis to produce a network from their text corpus describing the linguistic space.
- Kierkegaard (2010) in her paper “Twitter thou doeth?” considers the potential litigation minefield related to Twitter, citing cases with legal implications, the paper is not related to a collection of Twitter data.
In this presentation we identify the basic data used within Twitter studies, leading to a categorization of the data set size. Additionally using open coded content analysis other important categories are also identified, relating to the primary methodology, domain and aspect of the study.