1200 -1300 Arctic Shipping Lanes
The rapid Arctic summer sea ice reduction in the last decade has led to debates in the maritime industries on the possibility of an increase in cargo transportation in the region. Average sailing times on the North Sea Route along the Siberian Coast have fallen from 20 days in the 1990s to 11 days in 2012– 2013, attributed to easing sea ice conditions along the Siberian coast. However, the economic risk of exploiting the Arctic shipping routes is substantial. In summer, opening of large areas of the Arctic Ocean previously covered by pack ice to the wind and surface waves leads to Arctic pack ice cover evolving into the Marginal Ice Zone. The emerging state of the Arctic Ocean features more fragmented thinner sea ice, stronger winds, ocean currents and waves. By the mid 21st century, summer season sailing times along the route via the North Pole are estimated to be 13–17 days, which could make this route as fast as the North Sea Route. We present analysis of the Arctic navigational hazards from sea ice, waves, icebergs and bergy bits (growlers) and discuss the requirements the hazards monitoring system for the navigation in the Arctic.
This session will be taking place as part of Ocean Business 2017 for more information please click here