Stephen Mason, Associate Research Fellow, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies
Humans have made life very complicated. Software code now controls our lives, in power stations, refineries, medical devices, and banking to mention just a few areas. Motor vehicles are largely controlled by software, and aircraft totally controlled by software. People have been injured and killed because of the failure of software. The concept of artificial intelligence was first considered as the topic of a proposal dated 31 August 1955 for a "2 month, 10 man study of artificial intelligence be carried out during the summer of 1956 at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire". Governments have provided highly significant amounts of taxpayers money to fund people to conduct research in this area, and the spin-off technology is now used everyday. This seminar will consider the meaning of intelligence; some definitions of artificial intelligence and how to test for artificial intelligence, outlining the criticisms, and will then consider how judges and lawyers should be responding to the new world in which we live.