Field Trip - Carbonate Reservoirs in the Field: Sicily
Monday, 23 October 2017 at 09:00 - Thursday, 26 October 2017 at 17:00 (CDT)
This 4 day course in northwestern Sicily will provide the basics of carbonate reservoir characterization on the field, by means of spectacular exposures, and visits to quarries and seismic scale outcrops. The main aims are to describe and illustrate the peculiar geological and petrophysical control factors occurring in carbonate reservoirs.
The instructor will focus on the main sedimentological characteristics of different carbonate reservoir (pore diagenesis, facies, primary structures, palaeontology, evolution and sequence stratigraphy) coupled with the role of fracturing (vertical and horizontal). Prediction criteria in fractures orientation will be explained, with limits and constrains. The course focuses on the seismic aspects of carbonate reservoir and the correlation with the outcrops. Role of permeability and anisotropy in fluids within the reservoir and relationship between boreholes and fractures will be cover using natural examples. A set of outcrops of shallow water carbonates affected by meso-and-macro volcano-dykes and atollo-type successions will show you some of the risks and critical factors occurring in reservoirs. At the end of this course you will able to describe carbonate reservoir at different scales, starting from the pore networks and rock textures, to the sedimentary bodies and stratigraphic-structural macro-architectures. A robust part on characterization of fractured reservoir with practical exercises is scheduled. These outcrops provide therefore a natural laboratory to learn and experiment methods for characterizing and modelling properly carbonate reservoirs.
How we build your confidence
Clear and impressive field stops allow a visualisation of the different facies typical of Carbonate reservoir.
Graphic material on site, correlation with seismic and well dataset will help you to understand the geological control factors typical of reservoir modeling.
Practical exercises on geometries, fractures and heterogeneities of the reservoir will be conducted in quarries where a multiple exposure and variable geometries of cliffs permit a 3D visualization of critical surfaces.
The course is designed for
This course is suitable for geologists and geoscientists in general with some years of experience, that want to broaden and deepen their knowledge on carbonate reservoir (properties and control factors on modeling). It assumes basic knowledge in geoscience. It’s designed for reservoir engineers and explorationists wishing to improve their geological knowledge.
By the end of the course you will feel more confident in your understanding of geological key elements in characterization of carbonate reservoir. You will improve the capability to analyze and to assess properly the different control factors influencing a fractured reservoir, starting from petrophysical datasets and exporting to the large-scale reservoir.
- Introduction on the Carbonate Reservoirs in Sicily
- Geological and petrophysical characteristics
- Karst, fractures, jointing and anisotropy
- Homogeneous vs heterogeneous deposits
- Correlation with well dataset
Introduction to the main geological settings of carbonate platform in Sicily. - San Vito Peninsula. Typical sedimentary features of peritidal limestones, porosity & permeability, lithological control factors, fractures and anisotropy. What’s happen into the well? A field analogue.
San Vito: homogeneous and heterogeneous deposits, spacing of fractures, jointing, scale effects. Exercises.
- Peritidal cycles and reef complex, characteristics, facies and geometries
- From outcrop to macro architectures of carbonate reservoir
- Domino style faulted reservoir
- Unconformities and sealing
- Rudistic limestone reservoir, porosity and connectivity
Cozzo di Lupo: a geological transect along a reef complex. From fore reef to reef core and lagoon, characteristic, parameter, geological control factors affecting the platform. Practical exercises.
Monte Gallo: domino-style faulted reservoir, role on unconformities and sealing, vertical variation of porosity and permeability.
Monte Pellegrino: rudistic limestones reservoir. Type of porosity and characteristics. Connectivity. Effects of stratigraphic partition. Evolution of a carbonate platform.
- Tidal flats, effect of matrix
- Sedimentary dikes, large faulting, ramp-bounded reservoir
- Stepped margin, channels, breccias and auto-brecciated reservoir
- Channels and other discontinuity
- Correlation with seismic
Maranfusa quarry: an open air laboratory on large fractures and Neptunian dykes affecting a Jurassic carbonate reservoir. Effects of hydraulic barrier. Vertical and horizontal connectivity. Tectonic history and fractures pattern. Effects of flexural stage and compressional stage on the carbonate reservoir.
Gola di Oni: seismic scale outcrop of a carbonate ridge, inverted structures and transpression. Ramp-dominated reservoir. Prediction criteria in the orientation of fractures using a 4D restoration.
Rocca Busambra: panoramic view of flower structure. Effect of channel and major faults. Stepped margin on reservoir. Close up view of the Trapanese succession. Auto-brecciated deposits. Fracture connectivity, impact of matrix and fractures pattern.
- Large vertical barrier/discontinuity, volcanic dykes
- Mixed deposits, petrophysical parameter
- Slope carbonates and calcareous turbidites
- Prediction criteria, risk and case study
Monte Balatelle: Carbonate reservoir affected by large volcanic dykes. Problems and characteristics. Sealing deposits.
Roccapalumba: atollo-type successions, shape and geometries. Mixed ramp deposits. Facies and unconformities. Permeability and porosity.
Sicani Mountains: slope carbonates and turbidites, lithological control factors. Risks and prediction criteria for exploration.
Discussion and final remarks.
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Esanda Engineering Ltd
Esanda is an independent upstream oil and gas consultancy specialising in industry specific training and field development planning services. Our operations are supported by our UK and Australia offices.
Esanda is a specialist training provider serving the global upstream oil and gas industry. Our training providers are practicing industry specialists who develop our in house courses and work with clients to build bespoke training for their staff.
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