Migration, Employment, and Remittances
Migration has been in the headlines, as the UK and Europe debate how to reduce the number of immigrants and integrate those who are settling and the US presidential campaign features Donald Trump calling for a wall on the Mexico-US border and the deportation of 11 million unauthorized foreigners. Meanwhile, remittances from migrants to developing countries of origin exceeds $1 billion a day, and continue climbing.
International migration is motivated by economic, demographic, and democratic deficits between countries at a time when revolutions in communications, transportation, and rights that make it easier to learn about opportunities abroad, travel to them, and stay abroad. When confronted with “too many migrants,” destination governments usually react by restricting the rights of migrants, as illustrated by European efforts to pay Turkey to prevent the exit of migrants to Greece and north through the Balkans to Austria, Germany, and Sweden. The European neighbourhood was expanded since the Arab spring, and the recent coup attempt in Turkey added to migration challenges.
The US has 20 percent of the world’s international migrants and a higher share of the world’s unauthorized foreigners. Public and political opinion is polarized, with some calling for a wall on the Mexico-US border and a stop to Muslim migration while others call for legalizing unauthorized foreigners and maintaining a welcome for all.
Britain has taken the lead among industrial countries in creating the Migration Advisory Committee, an independent public body that advises the government on migration issues. The fact that millions of British citizens live abroad, and millions of foreigners live in Britain, complicates decision-making on UK migration.
Nevertheless, politics in Britain has been misinformed and misled recently. Debates on Brexit referendum were heavily influenced by migration debate as many of the recent elections in the UK. The truth is there are millions of British living abroad and many in the EU while millions of Europeans settled in the UK. Thus a decision on “in” or “out” is not an easy one and likely to remain so despite the outcome of the recent referendum.
This panel will review the major migration challenges globally and in the UK and US. There are perhaps no immediate solutions to migration challenges, only trade offs between competing goods that are often difficult to make explicit. This seminar offers a unique opportunity to interact with leading migration experts.
Migration challenges for the UK and remittances
Professor Jackline Wahba, Member of the UK Migration Advisory Committee & Professor, University of Southampton
Jackline Wahba is a Professor of Economics at the University of Southampton (UK). Her research interests are in Labour and Development Economics. Her recent work has focused on migration and labour markets in developing countries, in particular on Return migration; Remittances; Migrants’ labour market experiences; Labour mobility.
Global overview and migration challenges in the US
Professor Philip L. Martin, Director of Gifford Center Population Studies, Universityof California-Davis, US
Philip L. Martin is Emeritus Professor at University of California Davis, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics. He is the Editor of Rural Migration News and chairs the UC Comparative Immigration & Integration Program. His research focuses on economic development, competition, farm labour, and immigration policy, and he has earned a reputation as an effective analyst who can develop practical solutions to complex migration issues.
Migration discourses and scholarship
Professor Ibrahim Sirkeci, Director of Regent’s Centre for Transnational Studies, Regent’s University London
Ibrahim Sirkeci is Ria Professor of Transnational Studies and Marketing and the Director of the Regent’s Centre for Transnational Studies (RCTS) at Regent’s University London (UK). His main research areas are human mobility, labour markets, remittances, transnational consumers. He is the editor of Migration Letters and leading new journal Remittances Review. He has chaired Turkish Migration Conferences since 2012. His book “Cultures of Migration” coauthored with J. Cohen was selected Outstanding Academic Title in the US.
* This event is sponsored by Ria Money Transfer.