As part of our Refugees Then and Now series, we’re delighted to welcome Pedro Correa Martín-Arroyo to discuss his research on Jewish refugees in Southwestern Europe in the early 1940s.
During World War II, thousands of Jewish refugees managed to escape Nazi-occupied Europe through Spain and Portugal, whether fully documented or clandestinely. But the fact that the two right-wing dictatorships of Francisco Franco and António de Oliveira Salazar offered a helping hand to Jews in need has puzzled historians for decades. While several studies have already nuanced the extent and motivations behind Spain's and Portugal's assistance to Jews, there is at least one central question that remains unanswered. By studying the important humanitarian work carried out by several international relief organisations in South-Western Europe, Pedro Correa aims to provide with a narrative that will explain how the transit of so many thousands of refugees was made possible despite the shifting circumstances of war, and the not so welcoming attitudes of the Francoist and the Salazarian regimes.
Mr. Pedro Correa Martín-Arroyo is a PhD candidate in International History at the London School of Economics and Political Science.
We invite participants to view our exhibition, A Bitter Road, prior to the talk.
Image credit: Hans Vogel Diary (USHMM, 2013.160.1)