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Paper: From Ring of Friends to Ring of Fire: Challenges to Stability and legitimacy in MENA States: Arab Transformations

Through its European Neighbourhood Policy the European Union aims to assure its security by bringing prosperity, stability and democracy to its neighbours. However, southern neighbours have become less stable after the 2011 Uprisings, and the region faces continued external and internal conflicts and/or floods of refugees which cause great economic strain. This session explores the extent to which the EU’s response has failed to engage with the underlying problems; policy aimed at fostering sustainable development has to go beyond too narrow a focus on security and must assist in combatting corruption, widening social inclusion and building trust across sectarian, historical and geographical lines of division.

Paper: Iraq After ISIS: Continued Conflict or Rebuilding Beyond Ethno-Sectarian Identity?

With ISIS’ influence declining, Iraq faces the challenge of rebuilding both its economy and its political system. Amidst the devastation left by conflict, Iraq’s political leaders have the opportunity to address the internal divisions which made ISIS possible. Any post-conflict settlement must take into account the population’s concerns and priorities. Sectarian identity is less influential than commonly assumed in shaping people’s political priorities: often more important are local conditions, particularly regarding security, the economy, and migration.

Ignoring popular priorities risks undermining post-ISIS attempts to build a stable country, with knock-on effects at a regional level.

Paper: Mutual Support: MENA-EU Migration

The EU is concern about the security threat posed by flows of migrants from the Arab World to Europe. Instability in the region has increased the flow of migrants but migration is not new and just over half of migrants stay in the region. Migrants bring economic benefits to the countries of destination and the EU with an ageing population needs migrant labourers. Migrants can also benefit their country of origin but they also represent the loss of skilled dynamic young people. The main drivers of migration are economic and security concerns and education. Migrants tend to be male, young and educated. The EU needs to develop its policies to the region so that countries in the region benefit from their diaspora and to address the conditions that drive people to migrate

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Pamela_Abbott3/contributions

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Rond-point Robert Schuman 6

1040 Bruxelles

Belgium

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