Actions and Detail Panel
Fri 21 April 2017, 11:00 – 12:00 CEST
Paper: Socio-economic Inequality and The Failure of Development Strategies for the Middle East: Arab Transformations
The main driver of the Arab Uprisings were economic grievances and a perceived growth in inequalities. Poor economic growth and lack of inclusive policies is the underlying cause of insecurity in the region. The main concerns of people in the MENA are economic security and corruption. People think that the best way the EU can help their countries in the wake of the Uprisings is with support for inclusive economic development.
The EU needs to develop its policies so that they bring economic benefits to the countries in the region as well as to the EU
Paper: The Integrity of States: Corruption in the EU’s Southern Neighbours
Corruption is the antithesis of the Rule of Law and erodes the discourse of fairness and mutual consideration which is necessary for peace, prosperity and socioeconomic development. It increases the risk of state capture and resistance to change by the political elite. It results in poor public management and resource allocation and an inequitable distribution of resources and national wealth. It is a problem not just for individual countries but also for harmonious diplomatic and economic relations. The European Union’s Neighbourhood Policy is intended to help its near neighbours develop into a sustainable economic, social and political stability. At the same time the EU deploys normative leadership to promote a social and political security based on a respect for human rights, a dependence on the Rule of Law and a style of governance which can listen to its people and can face replacement, if need be, without the need for armed confrontation. For this, the extent of corruption in MENA is a serious problem.