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Summer School on The Human Aspects of Cyber-crime and Online Fraud

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University of Kent (Canterbury)

Giles Lane

Canterbury

CT2 7ND

United Kingdom

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Description

This summer school and workshop is hosted by the Kent Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Cyber Security (KirCCS) and School of Computing at the University Kent with financial support from the Institute of Applied Economics and Social Value (De Montfort University) and International Association for Research in Economic Psychology.

Background

Most instances of fraud and cyber-crime result from a combination of social engineering and human ‘vulnerability’. Criminals use a range of techniques, from intimidation to friendliness, in order to engage with, and ‘game’ victims, ultimately for the purpose of defrauding them. These techniques are arguably best understood through the lens of psychology. But we should also recognise that the manipulation revolves around money and so behavioural economics and the economics of crime can provide important additional insight.

While there is a burgeoning literature on cyber-psychology there is relatively little work on the interplay between economics, psychology and cyber-crime. This summer school and workshop has the intention of exposing junior researchers to the background knowledge they would need to work in this area. In doing so it can help to build a cross-disciplinary network of collaboration and stimulate future research in this area. We welcome a number of guest speakers from academia, law enforcement and business to help create vibrant and diverse environment.

Objectives

The objectives of the summer school are to:

(1) Provide PhD students, post-docs and early career professionals with a good overview of the issues around social engineering (including phishing, smishing etc.) and associated forms of fraud and cyber-crime.
(2) Review the current literature, research methods and findings in the topic space. This includes both quantitative and qualitative methods.
(3) Provoke discussion on how we can improve academic understanding of fraud and cyber-crime, particularly with a view to protect individuals and organisations.
(4) Expose participants to a cross-disciplinary environment which can hopefully ignite future collaborative research.

Provisional Programme

Monday 15th July 12:00 - 17:30

Back to basics: Understanding cyber-crime, social engineering (phishing, smishing, vishing) and fraud. This session is led by Jason R.C. Nurse and will also evidence the prevalence of these crimes and the range of subsequent crimes/cyber-crimes that can follow it (e.g., fraud, ransomware, sextortion). It will also explore solutions for cyber-crime, social engineering and fraud, particularly, what exists and what may still be missing? Common topics are campaigns to counter against social engineering crimes and their drawbacks.

Profiling cyber-criminals: The purpose of the session led by guest speaker Maria Bada (Cambridge Cybercrime Centre, University of Cambridge) is to consider the perspective of the cybercriminal and reflect on the background and different models of inductive and deductive criminal profiling. This narrows our focus on cybercrime to examine the perpetrators themselves, including their motivation, their characteristics and the types of cybercrimes certain attackers may be likely to engage in.

From the front lines: A law enforcement perspective. This session is led by guest speaker, Aimee Payne, a Cyber Protect and Prevent Officer for Kent Police. It will provide an overview of how cyber-crime is impacting on local communities and business. The session will also allow discussion on the initatives police forces are taking, and the challenges they face, in combatting and dealing with cyber-crime.

Tuesday 16th July 9:30 - 17:30

Are cyber-criminals psychologists? This session, led by Jason R.C. Nurse, explores and engages in a critical discussion about the psychological mechanisms that criminals exploit to commit fraud and cyber-crime. Through a number of case examples we show how criminals craft attacks based on how humans think and act. Furthermore, this session will review the literature on victims of fraud.

The psychology behind (in)secure behaviour in the workplace: This session is led by guest speaker Emma Williams (School of Psychological Science, University of Bristol) and will explore the context of employees in organisations, and individuals at home, in order to consider potential mechanisms that could be put in place to reduce the incidence of fraud and cyber-crime.

£27 billion or £1.2 million: Measuring the costs of cyber-crime and fraud in the UK. This session, led by Edward Cartwright, will review attempts to quantify the costs of cyber-crime. It will look at the difficulties and challenges in measuring the cost of cyber crime, as outlined in the 2018 review by the Costs of Cyber Crime Working Group. It will also contrast the costs of cyber-crime with that of fraud enabled by cyber-crime, using the Talk Talk hack as an interesting example.

To pay or not: The economics and game theory behind ransomware and crimes of extortion. This session, led by Anna Cartwright, will focus on financially motivated crimes of extortion. It will review evidence on the profits of criminals, estimated by tracking bitcoin payments, and the willingness of victims to pay ransoms, estimated from surveys. The session will also introduce basic techniques of game theory and show how they can be used to study ransowmare and its likely future evolution.

Busy entrepreneurs: Cyber security of small traders and small business. This session, led by Edward Cartwright with a guest speaker from local business (TBC) will look at the incentives and barriers facing small businesses in becoming cyber safe. The session will look at Cyber Essentials and the NCSC Small Business Guide, both in terms of the technical controls they suggest and the challenges businesses face in implementing them. The session will also discuss the role of cyber insurance.

Wednesday 17th July 9:30 - 14:00

This day is intended for a general discussion on the human aspects of cyber-crime and online fraud. In the first session participants will have a chance to outline their research interests and projects. There will be ample time for discussion and feedback.

The next session is devoted to a structured analysis of the key priorities in research on the human aspects of cyber-security. We will identify the key questions we need to address before splitting into groups to discuss how such questions can be tackled in future research.

The summer school finishes with a networking lunch with the chance to interact with core and associate members of the Kent Interdisciplinary Research Center in Cyber Security.

Local Arrangements

The event will take place at the Canterbury Campus of the University of Kent. It is free to attend and lunch will be provided. Subject to availability, atendees will be able to get accomodation on campus in Becket Court. This is en-suite bed and breakfast accomodation at a rate of £55 per night. For general information on accommodation and travel we recommend the Visit Canterbury website.

Support for PhD Students

We have a limited number of bursaries of £100 to help cover the costs of PhD students attending the summer school. To be considered for a bursary please send your CV and a one page (maximum) summary of why you would like to attend the summer school. Send these to iaesv@dmu.ac.uk with subject summer school. The official deadline has closed and so we will now consider applications on a first come first served basis.

To Attend the Workshop

We have a limited number of places available which will be offered on a first come first served basis with preference given to people who can attend all three days. To reserve a place please click Register on the Eventbrite page.

Organisers

The workshop is being organised by Jason Nurse (Lecturer in Cyber Security, University of Kent), Edward Cartwright (Professor of Economics, De Montfort University) and Anna Cartwright (Associate Professor of Economics, Coventry University).

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University of Kent (Canterbury)

Giles Lane

Canterbury

CT2 7ND

United Kingdom

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