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The early British High Commission in Pakistan: its role and history

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Alumni Lecture Theatre

SOAS University of London

Russell Square

London

WC1H 0XG

United Kingdom

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Speaker: Professor Ian Talbot
Chair: Sir Nicholas Barrington
Introduction: Prof Edward Simpson, Director, SOAS South Asia Institute (SSAI)

Organised by Bloomsbury Pakistan and the Pakistan Society


The literature on the legacies of Partition for Pakistan has overlooked the history of the creation of diplomatic embassies within the new country. In this talk, Professor Ian Talbot, who has long had a particular interst in Pakistan, tells the story of Britain’s early High Commissions and the difficulties that they faced. The very first one had to be established in great haste in the weeks leadin
g up to Independence, and the Chancery had to lodged in a leased office in the British Chamber of Commerce building, while what had been the Sindh Collector’s residence became the official Residency.

Professor Talbot will examine the roles played by the first four British High Commissioners: Sir Laurence Graffety-Smith (1947-51), Sir Gilbert Laithwaite (1951-4), Sir Alexander Symon (1954-61) and Sir Morrice James (1961-5). As he says, they each brought very different personalities and priorities to the instructions from London. Their task was far from easy: there was always the difficult job of maintaining a fine balancing act between Pakistan and India, and they also had increasingly to compete with the Americans for influence. He will look at their management of the High Commission and its outposts in Lahore, Peshawar, Rawalpindi and Dacca; and will analyse the ways in which the diplomatic mission undertook the important tasks of political reporting, mediating in the Kashmir conflict and protecting British interests at times of conflict in what was a formative period in Pakistan history.

Ian Talbot is a Professor of Modern British History at the University of Southampton. He wrote the seminal work, Pakistan: A Modern History, which was first published in 1999, reissued in an expanded form, and is now in its third edition. He is an acknowledged expert on Partition, and in addition to several articles, he co-authored a major study on the subject and its aftermath for Cambridge University Press. He was a speaker at the recent Lahore Literary Festival in London.

Organised by Bloomsbury Pakistan and the Pakistan Society
E-mail: admin@bloomsburypakistan.org
www.bloomsburypakistan.org

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Alumni Lecture Theatre

SOAS University of London

Russell Square

London

WC1H 0XG

United Kingdom

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