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The rise and fall of African Kingdoms in sub-saharan Africa: With special r...

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Algiers University 2

Algiers University 2

Bouzareah , Algiers

Algiers, Algeria 16000

Algeria

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The rise and fall of African Kingdoms: with special reference to Monomotapa, Kongo, Baganda and the kingdom of Samoury Touré.
Prof. Dr Moncef Bakail

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Over the centuries, many African Kingdoms existed before the colonial powers shared Africa. The power of these kingdoms rested on their organization, their socio-economic development and their wealth.
Throughout its history, sub-Saharan Africa has seen the birth of kingdoms that have each left their mark: race, religion, political systems and socio-economic development.
In sub-Saharan Africa, the memory of the African kingdoms is alive today.
In order to have a clear vision, we must exploit both Portuguese and Arab sources including writings of geographers such as El Messaoudi who evoked in his stories Sofala as an important port where gold was exported to the Middle East.
The first part of our colloquium emphasizes on exploring the different sources that dealt with these kingdoms without neglecting the oral history. The second attempt tries to explain the major factors that contributed to the emergence of these kingdoms. The last part is devoted to the following theme: Why the memory of these great black kingdoms was exceptionally built in the period of the emergence of the liberation movements; that is to say after the Second World War.
Also, we want through this colloquium to prove that these kingdoms had a centralized organization, equipped with an administrative system, an army and external relations. however, our colloquium also aims to answer two relevant questions;
1 - Do we sufficiently exploit the oral traditions?
2 - Is it a development of the chieftaincy system tending towards a consolidation of the authority of the chief of the tribes and the construction of a state?
The kingdom of Monomotapa is one of the most extraordinary political entities in southern Africa before European colonization. The location of this kingdom is in the south of Central Africa, more exactly in Zimbabwe, between the Zambezi rivers and the Limpopo. The extensive commercial network makes this kingdom one of the most important commercial areas during the medieval period. The main trading partners were gold, iron, copper, tin, cattle, and also cowries. imported items included glassware and ceramics from China. The kingdom of Monomotapa or Great Zimbabwe was an important commercial and political centre.

the Kingdom of Buganda, one of the vassals of the Bunyoro kingdom in present-day Uganda, emancipated under the leadership of his ruler who bore the title of "kabaka" in the 19th century. Located in a fertile area bordered on the east by Lake Victoria, Buganda came into contact with Muslim traders from Zanzibar Island trading ivory for cotton. In the second half of the nineteenth century, the first European explorers were welcomed by King Kabaka- Mutesa II.

In Equatorial Africa, the Bantu kingdoms, by their organization and their cultures, had been admired by Europeans. The kingdom of Kongo is undoubtedly the best-known thanks to the stories of the Portuguese and its political organization, socio-economic and its cultures. The of The Kongo kingdoms kings converted to Christianity after their contacts with the Portuguese. It was one of the most famous African kingdoms from the 15th to the end of the 17th century. its rulers, beginning with Alfonso I (1505-1543), who was dealing on an equal footing with the King of Portugal, and helped to make their kingdom known.

In Ivory Coast, we will tackle the issue of an African governance model adopted by a great chief who has succeeded in uniting tribes under the banner of a more coherent and effective political and socio-economic system. It was the kingdom founded by Samouri Touré in northern Côte d'Ivoire in the 19th century, but the presence of France in the south of the country prevented the unification of West Africa

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Algiers University 2

Algiers University 2

Bouzareah , Algiers

Algiers, Algeria 16000

Algeria

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