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YorkTalks Session Two 2018

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Spring Lane building auditorium

University of York

Heslington

York

YO10 5DD

United Kingdom

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SESSION TWO

More money alone is not the cure for the crisis in the NHS – Mark Sculpher, Centre for Health Economics

How do we ensure the public get value for money from the NHS, and that cash is spent in ways that maximise the benefits to all patients? Health economist Professor Mark Sculpher’s medicine may not be palatable to the pharmaceutical industry or to some politicians, but it provides a clear and measurable basis on which tough spending decisions can be made. He shows how money spent on one group of patients could lead to deaths in another. Why, he asks, should new drugs for cancer, which are popular with the media, attract so much funding despite high prices and limited effectiveness, when other less glamorous causes are neglected? And what role, if any, should the public play in helping frame the relevant benefits and how do we trade those off?

Smart interventions for tackling mental health problems in children and young people – Lina Gega, Hull York Medical School and Department of Health Sciences

One in ten children and young people in the UK experience mental health problems, but research shows that over two-thirds of them will not receive an appropriate intervention at a sufficiently early stage. Specialist mental health services are struggling to meet demand and most interventions for children and young people focus on their parents. Dr Lina Gega and her colleagues are developing and evaluating standardised interventions that can be delivered by non-health professionals to prevent and improve mental health problems before they warrant specialist services. Their approach challenges the status quo because it promotes therapeutic interventions that put the mental health needs of children and young people at the heart of good practice beyond organisational and professional silos.

A software engineer’s adventures in healthcare – Ibrahim Habli, Department of Computer Science

Digital technologies have become critical to healthcare, for example, transferring and maintaining electronic health records and electronic prescribing. Recently, the healthcare landscape has expanded with the use of mobile health apps, empowering patients to take a more active role in their care. Patient safety is a fundamental concern, though. While these new technologies can potentially improve patient safety, they may also introduce new hazards. Electronic prescribing can reduce transcription errors, but it may also increase the risk of ‘alert fatigue’, with patients becoming desensitised to the urgency of alerts. Using his knowledge of system safety in the aviation and automotive industries, Dr Ibrahim Habli will explain how his work with NHS Digital has resulted in new tools and models being developed that enable clinicians and engineers to work together to identify hazards that could compromise patient safety. These models are now being deployed in the NHS to improve the way risk of these hazards is communicated, assessed and mitigated.

There will be blood: identifying rogue receptors that trigger malignancy – Ian Hitchcock, Department of Biology

Cell biologist Professor Ian Hitchcock works with biophysicists, microscopy experts, and clinicians - a successful collaboration that has led to the identification of a receptor blood stem cell that is essential for the development of haematological cancers. The discovery has led to £1.2 million in funding from Cancer Research UK and opens up the possibility of developing more precision targeted drugs; drugs that destroy malignant cells but leave healthy cells intact. His story is all the more remarkable given the scale of the task – by the time you go to bed tonight your body will have created more new blood cells than there are stars in our galaxy. Discovering how this works and where it goes wrong is an astronomical challenge.

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Date and Time

Location

Spring Lane building auditorium

University of York

Heslington

York

YO10 5DD

United Kingdom

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