The Council is a communion of churches that have come together to express their shared Lutheran heritage and identity through common work in Britain, enriched by their cultural and linguistic diversity. Each church has its own administrative structure, which may be closely linked to the church in its country of origin, or one of its synods or dioceses. They all offer particular ministries and programmes in Britain for the language groups that they serve. Through the Council they have chosen to collaborate in several key areas:
- Providing spiritual and material assistance to Lutheran churches and projects that are not self-supporting
- Promoting fellowship and co-operation amongst Lutherans in education, mission and worship
- Providing information about Lutheranism
- Promoting Lutheran participation in ecumenical initiatives
- Providing and managing the International Lutheran Student Centre and student chaplaincy in London.